Tense Chart : Tense in English, Rules, Examples and its Types


Tense Chart: Tense is the backbone of English. If we do not know Tense in English then we can never speak correct English, it is very important for us to understand Tense chart. From the time chart we come to know about all the tense at a glance. There are basically three types of tenses: present tense, past tense, future tense and all three have 4 sub-parts: indefinite, continuous, perfect, perfect continuous. Let us see what is called time.

Definition Of Tense

The form of the verb which tells about the time of action or happening is called tense. That variation of a verb is called tense, which indicates the time of its action and its complete or incomplete state of belief. In other words, tense means ‘time’.


1. Tina is studying.
2. Monica had drawn a good picture.
3. Mukul will go to 
Amritsar with friends.

In the given sentences, colored words indicate the action happening at different times. In the first sentence the action is happening at the same time. In the second sentence, the action has happened in the past time. In the third sentence, the work is being reported to be done in the coming time.

Types of Tense

In English Grammar, tenses are of three types, that is,

  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense

Further, it consists of four forms: 

  1. Indefinite (Simple)
  2. Continuous
  3. Perfect
  4. Perfect Continuous

So, in total there are 12 tenses which are as follows:

TenseSub Parts 

Present Tense
1. Present Indefinite
2. Present Continuous
3. Present Perfect
4. Present Perfect

Past Tense
1. Past Indefinite.
2. Past Continuous. 
3. Past Perfect.
4. Past Perfect
continuous .

Future Tense
1. Future Indefinite
2. Future Continuous
3. Future Perfect
4. Future Perfect

Below is the table of the examples of tenses


1. Present IndefiniteHe drinks a water 
Present Tense2. Present ContinuousHe is drinking a water 

3. Present PerfectHe has drunk a water 
 4. Present Perfect
He has been drinking a water since morning

 1. Past IndefiniteHe drank a water 
Past Tense 2. Past Continuous. 
He was drinking a water 

3. Past Perfect.He had drunk a water 

4. Past Perfect
continuous .
He had been drinking the water since 7 am

1. Future IndefiniteHe will drink a water 
Future Tense2. Future ContinuousHe will be drinking a water 

3. Future perfectHe will have drunk a water 

4. Future perfect continuousHe will have been drinking the water at 6 am tomorrow

Significance of Tense Chart

The English Grammar, tenses are often considered an important concept. A verb when changing its form takes the help of tense to formulate the proper sentence or express the state of action, events, or occurrence in a proper way. It helps you to make your context clear and precise. You may also create complex sentence constructions using tenses. Therefore, you should be familiar with all twelve tenses and their usage, so for that, we have made a tense chart below to make you understand better

Present TenseFarmula & RulesExamples

Present Indefinite tense 
Subject + Verb in the base form/third person plural form + the rest of the sentenc
  • We live in London.
  • He reads comic books.
  • She goes to yoga class.
  • I come here every day.
  • You work at the hospital.

Present continuous tense 
Subject + Helping Verb(am/is/are) + Main verb + ing + the rest of the sentence 
  • We are going to London.
  • He is reading a book.
  • She is going to a yoga class.
  • I am working.
  • You are playing.

Present perfect tense 
Subject + Helping Verb (have/has) + Past participle of the main verb + the rest of the sentence along with the time frame
  • He has read comic books.
  • She has done yoga.
  • I have worked here.
  • You have played well.
  • They have watched these movies.
  • Mona has sung a song. 

Present perfect continuous
Subject + Have/Has + Been + Verb+ ing + the rest of the sentence
  • We have been visiting London.
  • He has been reading comic books.
  • She has been doing yoga.
  • I have been working here.
  • You have been playing all day.
Past tense Rules Examples

Past indefinite 
Subject + Verb + ed / verb in the past tense + the rest of the sentence
  • We lived in London.
  • He read comic books.
  • She went to yoga class.
  • I came here yesterday.
  • You worked at the hospital 

Past Continuous
Subject + Helping Verb(was/were) + Main verb + ing + the rest of the sentence
  • We were going to London.
  • He was reading a book.
  • She was going to yoga class.
  • I was working.
  • You were playing.

Past Perfect 
Subject + Helping Verb (had) + Past participle of the main verb + the rest of the sentence along with the time frame.
  • We had gone to London.
  • He had read comic books.
  • She had done yoga.
  • I had worked here.
  • You had worked at the hospital.

Past Perfect continuous 
Subject + Had + Been + Verb + ing + the rest of the sentence
  • We had been visiting London.
  • He had been reading comic books.
  • She had been doing yoga.
  • I had been working here.
  • You had been playing all day.
Future tense Rules Examples

Future indefinite 
Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object
  • We shall live in London.
  • He will read comic books.
  • She will go to a yoga class.
  • I shall come here every day.
  • You will work at the hospital.

Future continuous 
Subject + will be/shall be + V1 + ing + Object
  • We shall be going to London.
  • He will be reading a book.
  • She will be going to yoga class.
  • I shall be working.
  • You will be playing.

Future perfect 
Subject + will have/shall have + V3 + Object
  • We shall have left London.
  • He will have read comic books.
  • She will have done yoga.
  • I will have worked here.
  • You will have done your work.

Future perfect continuous 
Subject + will have been + V1 + ing + Object
  • We shall have been going to London.
  • He will have been reading comic books.
  • She will have been doing yoga.
  • I shall have been working.
  • You will have been playing.

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